Protein Synthesis



This video covers the detailed structure of DNA and how complementary base pairing enables messenger RNA to leave the nucleus and be translated into a corresponding amino acid sequence in the cytoplasm. As base sequence codes for the amino acid sequence, changes in the base sequence (mutations) can have a range of outcomes on the phenotype of the protein.

Key Words

polypeptide, nucleotide, template, ribosome, complementary, adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, transcription, translation, RNA, uracil, codon, transfer RNA, hydrogen bonding