Protein Synthesis



This video covers the detailed structure of DNA and how complementary base pairing enables messenger RNA to leave the nucleus and be translated into a corresponding amino acid sequence in the cytoplasm. As base sequence codes for the amino acid sequence, changes in the base sequence (mutations) can have a range of outcomes on the phenotype of the protein.

Key Words

hydrogen bonding, cytosine, guanine, transcription, translation, polypeptide, nucleotide, template, RNA, ribosome, uracil, complementary, codon, adenine, transfer RNA, thymine